By Alexander Studholme
Sets out a historical past of the recognized Buddhist mantra, Om Manipadme Hum, and provides new insights on its meaning.
Om Manipadme Hum, possibly the main recognized of all Buddhist mantras, lies on the middle of the Tibetan process and is loved via either layman and lama alike. This e-book files the origins of the chant, and provides a brand new interpretation of the which means of Om Manipadme Hum, and features a distinctive, annotated summary of the Karandavyuha Sutra, commencing up this crucial Mahayana Buddhist paintings to a much broader audience.
The Karandavyuha— the earliest textual resource for Om Manipadme Hum—which describes either the compassionate job of Avalokitesvara, the bodhisattva whose strength the chant invokes, and the legendary story of the quest for and discovery of the chant. via an in depth research of this sutra, Studholme explores the ancient and doctrinal forces at the back of the looks of Om Manipadme Hum in India at round the center of the 1st millennium C.E. He argues that the Karandavyuha has shut affinities to non-Buddhist puranic literature, and that the belief of Avalokitesvara and his six-syllable mantra is trained through the notion of the Hindu deity Siva and his five-syllable mantra Namah Sivaya. The sutra displays an historic scenario during which the Buddhist monastic institution used to be getting into touch with Buddhist tantric practitioners, themselves prompted by way of Saivite practitioners.
“This compact quantity … may be instantly available, and of significant gain, to either Tibetologists and Tibetophiles alike.” — magazine of the foreign organization of Tibetan Studies
“This booklet offers a good instance of the phenomenon of non secular integration, and obviously indicates how Buddhism controlled to combine principles and practices from one other non secular tradition.” — Francis Brassard, writer of the concept that of Bodhicitta in Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara
“It was once attention-grabbing to learn the author's incredible insights into the syncretic development of early tantric Mahayana Buddhist fabrics just like the Karandavyuha.” — John J. Makransky, writer of Buddhahood Embodied: resources of Controversy in India and Tibet
Alexander Studholme got a Ph.D. from the Centre for Buddhist stories, Bristol collage, England.
Read Online or Download The Origins of Om Manipadme Hum: A Study of the Karandavyuha Sutra PDF
Best Buddhism books
During this groundbreaking paintings, Sallie Tisdale strains girls Buddhist masters and academics throughout continents and centuries, drawing upon old, cultural, and Buddhist documents to carry to existence those narratives of ancestral Buddhist girls.
A favourite of Tibetans—and of the Dalai Lama himself— The phrases of My excellent instructor is a pragmatic consultant to the religious practices universal to all Tibetan Buddhist traditions. it's the vintage observation at the initial practices of Longchen Nyingthig, a cycle of teachings of the Nyingmapa university.
The parable of Shangri-la originates in Tibetan Buddhist ideals in beyul, or hidden lands, sacred sanctuaries that exhibit themselves to religious pilgrims and in occasions of challenge. The extra distant and inaccessible the beyul, the vaster its reputed features. old Tibetan prophecies claim that the best of all hidden lands lies on the middle of the forbidding Tsangpo Gorge, deep within the Himalayas and veiled through a significant waterfall.
The doctrine of the 2 truths--a traditional fact and an final truth--is significant to Buddhist metaphysics and epistemology. the 2 truths (or realities), the excellence among them, and the relation among them is known variously in numerous Buddhist faculties and is of certain significance to the Madhyamaka tuition.
Extra resources for The Origins of Om Manipadme Hum: A Study of the Karandavyuha Sutra
Govinda writes: “The deep devotion with which this hopeful message used to be authorized and brought to center by way of the folks of Tibet is tested by way of the innumerable rock-inscriptions and votive-stones on which the sacred formulation of Avalokiteßvara is millionfold engraved. it truly is at the lips of all pilgrims, it's the final prayer of the demise and the desire of the dwelling. it's the everlasting melody of Tibet, which the trustworthy hears within the murmuring of brooks, within the thundering of waterfalls and within the howling of storms, simply because it greets him from rocks and ma¶i-stones, which accompany him far and wide, on wild caravan tracks and on lofty passes. ”4 in addition to being a vital part of the exoteric aspect of Tibetan spiritual existence, Oµ Ma¶ipadme H£µ is additionally a major constituent of the extra inner most or esoteric a part of Tibetan spiritual perform. it might be virtually very unlikely, for example, to count number each party on which the formulation is used, by the way, during all of the many alternative rites and rituals of Tibetan Buddhism. five usually, in spite of the fact that, using Oµ Ma¶ipadme H£µ is looked no longer as an accessory to different, extra important varieties of spiritual technique, yet as a strong technique of religious improvement in its personal correct. it's a simple, foundational perform taught to young children and newcomers. 6 but it's also a convention that now not even the main complicated practitioner may ever desire to go away at the back of. 7 Its recitation is without doubt one of the vital pillars of the Tibetan spiritual approach. eight to be able to provide a selected concentration to this recitation, numerous sådhana texts—step-by-step invocations of supernormal beings—connected to the formulation have been composed, every one culminating in a focused consultation of the repetition of Oµ Ma¶ipadme H£µ together with the visualization of a Introduction three specific type of Avalokiteßvara. The Tibetan bsTan ’gyur features a variety of ˚aÂak˚ara (or ˚aÂak˚arƒ)—“six-syllable”—sådhanas. nine those works persevered to be composed in Tibet lengthy after the definitive production of a hard and fast Tibetan Buddhist canon within the first a part of the fourteenth century. 10 yet, most likely the main awesome and such a lot mysterious program of Oµ Ma¶ipadme H£µ is its use within the so-called Black Hat (zhva nag) rite of the Karma bKa’ brgyud university of Tibetan Buddhism, in which the Karmapa, the lama who sits on the head of that individual sect, is assumed to show up as a sort of Avalokiteßvara whereas slowly reciting the six-syllable formulation and whereas donning a different black crown, given to the 5th Karmapa by way of the chinese language emperor at first of the 15th century. eleven ultimately, Oµ Ma¶ipadme H£µ performs one other very important function in Tibetan lifestyles as a style of collective non secular perform. On specific events and over the process numerous days, humans will assemble jointly to recite the formulation as repeatedly as they're capable. back, although this can be a type of perform that may be played in regards to various assorted mantras, the only almost always utilized in this recognize is, certainly, Oµ Ma¶ipadme H£µ.