With greater than 5,000 entries totaling over 1000000 phrases, this can be the main complete and authoritative dictionary of Buddhism ever produced in English. it's also the 1st to hide phrases from the entire canonical Buddhist languages and traditions: Sanskrit, Pali, Tibetan, chinese language, eastern, and Korean. not like reference works that concentrate on a unmarried Buddhist language or college, The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism bridges the most important Buddhist traditions to supply encyclopedic insurance of an important phrases, strategies, texts, authors, deities, faculties, monasteries, and geographical websites from around the heritage of Buddhism. the most entries supply either a quick definition and a considerable brief essay at the broader that means and value of the time period coated. broad cross-references permit readers to discover similar phrases and ideas. An appendix of Buddhist lists (for instance, the 4 noble truths and the thirty-two marks of the Buddha), a timeline, six maps, and diagrams also are included.
Written and edited by way of of modern day most outstanding students of Buddhism, and greater than a decade within the making, this landmark paintings is an important reference for each scholar, student, or practitioner of Buddhism and for someone else drawn to Asian faith, background, or philosophy.
- The such a lot accomplished dictionary of Buddhism ever produced in English
- More than 5,000 entries totaling over 1000000 words
- The first dictionary to hide phrases from all the canonical Buddhist languages and traditions--Sanskrit, Pali, Tibetan, chinese language, jap, and Korean
- Detailed entries at the most vital phrases, innovations, texts, authors, deities, colleges, monasteries, and geographical websites within the background of Buddhism
- Cross-references and appendixes that permit readers to discover similar phrases and lookup identical phrases in a number of Buddhist languages
- Includes an inventory of Buddhist lists, a timeline, and maps
- Also comprises chosen phrases and names in Thai, Burmese, Vietnamese, Lao, Khmer, Sinhalese, Newar, and Mongolian
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Additional info for The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism
Alms around. See PIṆḌAPĀTA. alobha. (T. ma chags pa; C. wutan; J. muton; okay. mut’am 無貪). In Sanskrit and Pāli, “absence of yearning” or “absence of greed”; some of the most ubiquitous of ethical virtues (KUŚALA), which serves as an antidote to the KLEŚA of wish and because the origin for growth at the course. Alobha is likely one of the forty-six psychological components (CAITTA) in keeping with the SARVĀSTIVĀDA institution and the ABHIDHARMAKOŚABHĀṢYA, one of many fifty-one based on the YOGĀCĀRA university, and one of many fifty-one of the Pāli abhidhamma. “Absence of yearning” is the other of “craving” or “greed” (LOBHA). The Sarvāstivāda ABHIDHARMA method posited that this psychological caliber observed all healthy actions, and consequently lists it because the 7th of the 10 significant omnipresent healthy elements (KUŚALAMAHĀBHŪMIKA). Absence of yearning is indexed as one of many so-called 3 roots of advantage (KUŚALAMŪLA), one of many states of brain comprising correct goal (SAMYAKSAṂKALPA) within the noble eightfold direction (ĀRYĀṢṬĀṄGAMĀRGA), and is often taken to be the precondition for the cultivation of equanimity (UPEKṢĀ). Āloka lena. A cave close to sleek Matale in Sri Lanka the place, over the last sector of the 1st century BCE, in the course of the reign of King VAṬṬAGĀMAṆI ABHAYA, the Pāli tipiṭaka (TRIPIṬAKA) and its commentaries (AṬṬHAKATHĀ) have been stated to were written down for the 1st time. The DĪPAVAṂSA and MAHĀVAṂSA country collecting of ARHATs had determined to devote the texts to writing out of worry that they can now not be reliably memorized and handed down from one new release to the following. They convened a meeting of 5 hundred clergymen for the aim, the price of which was once borne by means of a neighborhood chieftain. The subcommentary by way of Vajirabuddhi and the Sāratthadīpanī (c. 12th century CE) deem that the writing down of the tipiṭaka happened on the fourth Buddhist council (see COUNCIL, FOURTH), and so it's been more often than not well-known ever because during the THERAVĀDA global. despite the fact that, the fourteenth-century SADDHAMMASAṄGAHA, written on the Thai capital of AYUTHAYA, deems this to be the 5th Buddhist council (see COUNCIL, FIFTH), the fourth council being as an alternative the recitation of VINAYA by way of Mahā Ariṭṭha performed in the course of the reign of King DEVĀNAṂPIYATISSA. ālokasyopalabdhiśa. (T. nye bar thob pa’i snang ba). In Sanskrit “appearance of near-attainment,” the penultimate level within the ultimate 3 levels of the dissolution of recognition that culminates within the dawning of “clear mild” (PRABHĀSVARA), the particular second of demise in keeping with sure platforms of ANUTTARAYOGATANTRA. After the gross parts and states of recognition dissolve, a procedure that's followed by means of a sequence of indicators, the subtler degrees of awareness seem: first an adventure of radiant whiteness referred to as visual appeal (āloka) like an evening sky choked with moonlight, then an adventure of redness, referred to as raise (vṛddhi) like a transparent sky choked with sun, and eventually an adventure referred to as “near attainment” (upalabdha) like a black moonless sky, so known as since it is the kingdom nearest to the main sophisticated point of realization, the brain of transparent gentle.